The monastery of Golas is situated to the north of the settlement of Koumousta on a slope of mount Taygetos. It is dedicated to Zoodochos Pigi (Our Lady of the Life Giving Spring) and it was founded between 1608 and 1632. The Katholikon is a domed single naved church. A found inscription in the church attests that Dimitrios Kakavas carried out the hagiography of the katholikon in 1632. The narthex was painted later in 1673 by a different hagiographer.
The narthex is the most worn down part of the church. On its west side wall visitors can admire paintings depicting ancient philosophers and poets like Solon, Thucydides, Plutarch, Sibyl, Aristotle, Plato, Chilon of Sparta, and the remains of the painting depicting Homer. The church is one of the seven churches in Greece that are decorated with wall paintings depicting ancient wise men, and the only one in south Greece. The monastery is a listed monument.
The Holy Monastery of Golas is built 1000 meters above sea level, on a slope on the mount Taygetos, to the north of the deserted settlement of Koumousta, in a region full of chestnuts, pines and firs. It was dedicated to Our Lady Zoodochos Pigi (life giving Spring). The church was founded in the 17th century, during the Turkish occupation. It is believed that the monastery was first built as a shelter for the monks that had escaped invasions.
A document attests that the monastery existed since 1608. The katholikon was a domed single-naved church. A found inscription, though, documents the construction or restoration dates back to 1632, its first owner being the priest-monk Chrysanthos. Another inscription attests that Demetrios Kakavas is the painter of the hagiography of the church. A third inscription indicates that the narthex was painted later, in 1673, by a different hagiographer.
The west side wall of the narthex is decorated with frescos depicting ancient philosophers and poets. On the upper layer, there are paintings of the ancient Greek philosophers like Solon, Thucydides, and Plutarch. Above the arch of the entrance gate, there is a painting of Sibyl with a dress that resembles a nun habit. Next to the gate there is Aristotle with his left hand holding a scroll that writes the phrase “The begetting of God is by nature inexhaustible…” Next to him, Plato, dressed with formal robes holds a scroll with the phrase “the old new and the new ancient…”. A little further, Chilon of Sparta is depicted, who has not been depicted elsewhere in Greece. On the north west side visitors can distinguish the image of Homer. It consists of one of the seven churches in Greece decorated with frescos depicting ancient wise men and the only one in southern Greece.
The previous wall paintings have been characterized as having stricter form, more ornamental elements and laity motif, typical of the traditional art style of Kakavas.
The monastery is a landmark and is celebrated the day of Our Lady Zoodochos Pigi (Life Giving Spring).