Kamenitsa is a mountainous village in the prefecture of Arcadia, built into the western slopes of Mount Mainalo at an altitude of 580 metres. The area is of particular interest, not only because of its outstanding natural beauty, but also because of the significant archaeological treasures that were discovered here during the previous century.
The first excavations were conducted by the Antiquities Commissioner, Dr. Theodoros Spyropoulos, shedding light on an important Neolithic settlement in the location of Sakovouni. In a nearby cave there was evidence of inhabitation since the Neolithic era, including fragments of bones and pots. This cave is situated in the location of “Panagia”, where it is assumed the ancient town of Torthynion was once located.
Kamenitsa is located in the valley of River Mylaontas, between Mantineia and Gortynia. It’s a mountainous village, built at an altitude of 580 meters, on the western slopes of Mount Mainalo. The local excavations brought to light evidence of inhabitation during various periods. On the Sakovouni hill they found a section of a Neolithic-Mycenaean settlement, in the locations Agiannis and Kastro they found remnants of a prehistoric settlement, in the location Agia Sotira a settlement from the Hellenistic era, assumed to be the ancient town of Torthynion, while relics and a medieval castle were discovered in the locations Avysaina and Kastro respectively. However the most important discovery of all was a cave situated in the location Panagia, in the entrance of the village, where they found prehistoric evidence that led to the conclusion that the place was inhabited in the Neolithic era.
Close to Kamenitsa there are many more interesting spots, like the hermitage of the Assumption, which is located approximately 3 kilometres away on a dirt road that runs along the left bank of River Mylaontas. Here, built onto the imposing cliffs, we see a chapel and a small fort. Directly across from here is the Rock of Kotronas, which was used as a refuge for those who were persecuted during the Greek Revolution. We also have the opportunity to see a single-arched stone bridge dating back to 1885, as well as the remnants of a medieval castle, known as “Pedino Aggelokastro”.